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Eastern Arc Mountains

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The Mountain Blocks:

   Mahenge

   Malundwe

   Nguu

   Nguru

   North Pare

   South Pare

   Rubeho

   Taita Hills

   Udzungwa

   Ukaguru

   Uluguru

   East Usambara

   West Usambara

 

 


 

 

 

Nguu

The Nguu Mountains are found in the newly formed Kilindi District in Tanga region. This mountain block ranges up to 1550m altitude. Human population density is high, about 25,890, and increasing as people move from more populated areas in Districts further north. Most areas of forest outside the reserve network or small patches of forest set aside for traditional purposes have been cleared for farmland.

Forest stream - The Eastern Arc Mountains are an important water catchment for Tanzania, supplying water to many major cities and towns

The Nguu mountains contains 11 catchment Forest Reserves with Eastern Arc forest (Kilindi, Kwediboma, Mkuli/W. of River, Mkuli Extn., Mkongo, Mbwegere, Nguru North, Derema, Pumula, Rudewa South, Jungu). These total around 30,337 ha. The forest of these mountains is primarily sub-montane in character, grading into lowland forests around the mountain bases and along watercourses. Lowland trees include Milicia excelsa and Khaya anthotheca, and sub-montane forests are dominated by Newtonia buchananii with other species such as Albizia gummifera.

Biodiversity

The biodiversity value of the Nguu Mountains is only moderate according to current knowledge, with seven Eastern Arc endemic species occurring. For trees there are six Eastern Arc endemic species recorded. However, these forests are amongst the poorest known of any in the Eastern Arc and further species are likely to be present.

Stick Insect - There is much to learn about the insects of the Eastern Arc Mountain Forests, particularly in the little studied Nguu Mountains

Threats

The main threats to these forests are fire, agricultural encroachment, logging and gold mining in some reserves.

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