- Aims and Objectives
- What Difference Does it Make?
- Phased Development Process (Phase 1 & 2)
- Funding Criteria
- Collaborative Arrangements
- Standard Call for Project Proposals
- Current Priority Field Target Sites
- Values and Threats of Selected Field Sites
- Recently Submitted Proposals
- Brief Status of Funded Projects
- Cumulative Achievements Under the World Bank/TFCMP Support, 2001 – 2009
- Annual Progress Report, 2009 - 2010
- Annual Progress Report, 2010 - 2011
- Annual Progress Report, 2011 - 2012
- Annual Progress Report, 2012 - 2013
- Audited Financial Statements for FYs 2009/2010 - 2012/2013
- Statement of Investment Policy, Objectives and Guidelines
- Guidelines for Preparation of Project Proposals and Procedures for Making Grants
- Guidelines for Local Advisory Committees
- Baseline Survey Report for 8 Nature Reserves and 1 National Park in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania
- Baseline Survey Report for 8 Nature Reserves and 1 National Park in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania-Executive Summary
- Impacts and Results of EAMCEF Funded Projects _June 2011 to November 2013
- Forest Reserves, Amphibians and Birds of the Eastern Arc Mountains
The Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation Endowment Fund?
The Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation Endowment Fund (EAMCEF) is a Trust Fund that was established and functions as a long-term and reliable funding mechanism to support Community Development, Biodiversity Conservation and Applied Research Projects, which promote the biological diversity, ecological functions and sustainable use of natural resources in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania.
EAMCEF was officially registered in Tanzania on 6th June 2001, under the Trustees’ Incorporation Act (Cap. 318, R. E. 2002) of the Laws of Tanzania. It was originally conceived as a joint initiative of the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, the Board of Trustees (BOT), the World Bank (WB) and the Global
Environment Facility (GEF).
The Trust Fund operates as a Not-for-Profit Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). Initially, EAMCEF operated as a component of the WB financed project (TFCMP) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT) whereby a total of US$ 2.4 Mil. credit facility was used to finance activities and operations of its 7 years first phase (2002-2009), the establishment phase.
Funding of the second phase (the permanent phase) was initially planned to come mainly from incomes generated from the investment of the endowment capital secured from the GEF commitment of US$ 7.0 mil. as well as additional resources acquired from other sources through fundraising activities.
A Conservation Fund sufficiently endowed to provide the financial resources necessary to ensure effective, long-term conservation and management of forest biodiversity in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania.
Catalyze resources to foster conservation of forest biodiversity in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania through investment in sustainable community development, sustained financing for protected areas management and financial support to applied research.
- To promote the protection of biological diversity in the Eastern Arc Mountains, targeting priority areas of significant diversity.
- To promote the involvement of the local communities in the conservation and sustainable management of the natural resources and bio-diversity of the Eastern Arc Mountains and to assist them in benefiting from such conservation and sustainable management
- To ensure benefits, whether financial, technical or material arising from the Fund’s activities, pass to local communities in its areas of operation.
- To provide long-term reliable support for projects and research which promote the conservation of biological diversity and sustainable use of natural resources in the Eastern Arc Mountains and contribute to the promotion of the economic and social welfare of the communities in the region (Guidelines for Preparation of Project Proposals).
- To promote the collection and dissemination of information and advise concerning the Eastern Arc Mountains and their global conservation value
- To engage in fund-raising activities to obtain resources that shall finance the objectives of the Trust
- To enter into covenants or agreements, including but not limited to; joint management agreements, leases; and licenses with other identified stakeholders, including: local communities, central and local governments, the business community, private sector and individuals, over any land and immovable property as may have been acquired by the Fund, PROVIDED ALWAYS that such agreements are in the long-term interests of conservation.
- To provide liaison between government agencies, civil society and the private sector in conservation and environment matters.
- As an insubstantial part of the activities of the Trust and only to extent permitted by a charity organization, to advocate for policies, regulations and laws that are designed to promote sustainable development and conservation.
- To co-operate with any person or organization with objectives similar to those of the Fund
Major Mountain blocks of the Eastern Arc spread over fifteen districts in five regions of Tanzania namely, Tanga (East and West Usambara, and Nguu Mountains), Kilimanjaro (North and South Pare Mountains), Morogoro (Nguru, Uluguru, Ukaguru, Udzungwa, Malundwe, Mahenge and Rubeho Mountains), Dodoma (Rubeho Mountains) and Iringa (Udzungwa Mountains).
The Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania cover a total area of approximately 5,350 km2.
When combined with the Southern Rift, the Albertine Rift and the Ethiopian Highlands, the Eastern Arc Mountains form the Eastern Afromontane Ecoregion which is recognized globally as one of the 34 biodiversity hotspots on earth, characterized by high concentrations of endemic species.
The area is currently under great threat due to a number of human influences. The biodiversity of the Eastern Arc Mountains is locally of great value for mitigating the impacts of rural poverty. About 40% of total household consumption in some forest adjacent communities is accounted for by forest and woodland products such as firewood, construction material, medicinal herbs, wild fruits and other food materials.
Nationally, the Eastern Arc Mountain forests cover several major catchment areas which collectively provide water for most of the nations’ coastal communities, including Dar-es-Salaam with its population of over 4 Million people and most of the major industries in the country.
Hydro-electric energy production in Tanzania is heavily dependent on maintaining the integrity of these forests. About 60% of Tanzania's electricity is generated from water sources derived from the Eastern Arc Mountain forests, e.g. Kidatu, Mtera, Hale, Nyumba ya Mungu and Kihansi hydropower stations.
The main intention of establishing the Trust Fund is to address the need for a long-term sustainable approach to funding the conservation of forest biodiversity in the important ecosystem. Unlike the time limited projects, EAMCEF was established and will continue to operate as a long-term institution.
Inadequate and poorly targeted public and donor resources for forest biodiversity in the Eastern Arc has meant that there has been a limited view of long-term resource requirements and financing needs.
Tentatively and in order of priority, the Endowment Fund will initially concentrate in the following mountain blocks:
- East Usambara Mountains
- Udzungwa Mountains
- Uluguru Mountains
- Nguru Mountains
- West Usambara Mountains
- South Pare Mountains
- Other mountain blocks at a later stage
EAMCEF funding will be on three priority thematic areas namely:
- Community Based Conservation and Development activities for improvement of rural livelihoods of forest adjacent communities.
- Applied biodiversity research relevant to the conservation of biodiversity in the priority Eastern Arc Mountains.
- Protected Areas and Climate Change Management to improve the ecological functions of the ecosystem and strengthen the management capabilities of the responsible institutions.
The over-riding principle governing selection of any project for funding by the Endowment Fund is that, the project activity must result in some demonstrable (direct or indirect) benefit to conservation of biodiversity in the Eastern Arc Mountains, especially in the designated target areas.
A secondary principle, which should influence project funding is that, such funding should be complementary to other conservation and/or development activities in the area. That is, Endowment Fund monies are not intended to substitute for funds which are already available.
In all its endeavours, EAMCEF is committed to work with and through partners under some mutually agreed collaborative arrangements.
- To increase synergy and maximize conservation impact.
- Avoid overlap, competition, duplication and capitalize on the overall effect of complementarity and additionality.
- Avail efficient use of resources available in the Eastern Arc.
- Make the best use of available time and present expertise.
- Impact on sense of ownership, responsibility and accountability to key stakeholders so as to increase the chances for sustainability of programme activities.
In theory, EAMCEF collaborates with all Stakeholders impacting positively/negatively on the Eastern Arc Mountains ecosystem. The envisioned collaboration agreements with the EAMCEF partners are through the following major arrangements:-
- Direct funding to some primary beneficiaries.
- Co-financing/partnering with other operators.
- Resource leveraging from key partners/beneficiaries.
- Networking and information sharing with key collaborators.
- Sharing of equipment and other operating resources with partners working in the Eastern Arc Mountains.
- Receiving financial, material and technical support from entities interested in the conservation of the Eastern Arc Mountains.
Photo Left: Signing Ceremony of the Norwegian Government Support to EAMCEF
Photo Right: Her Excellence Ms Ingunn Klepsvik, the Ambassador of Norway and Mr. Francis Sabuni, the Executive Director of EAMCEF signs the Contract for a five year Norwegian grant on 20th May, 2011 at the Embassy grounds in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.
Photo Left & Right: Field visits to the EAMCEF Target sites by the Ambassador of Norway in Tanzania.
EAMCEF/RNE First Formal Meeting held at Morogoro Hotel, Morogoro in March, 2012.
Members of the 1st General Assembly of the African Environmental Funds Network that was held in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania from 29th to 30th September 2011,and hosted by EAMCEF